The Wolf Moon

The first full moon of the year appears in the heart of winter. And, depending on location and culture, it may be called Frost Exploding Moon, Freeze Up Moon or Cold Moon. For obvious reasons, my favourite full moon nickname is Wolf Moon.

It’s said that Indigenous people dubbed the January moon Wolf as the predators could often be heard howling throughout the long, dark nights. While some people believe the wolves are howling at the moon, they actually use that form of vocalizing to defend their territory, communicate with other pack members or grieve the death of another wolf.

Photo by John Cavers

Sometimes wolves seem to howl for the sheer pleasure of it or as a warm-up to the nightly hunt. Young pups learn to howl by watching and listening to their elders.

Although visible for several nights, the official 2021 Wolf Moon will appear in North America the evening of January 28. So, grab your binoculars or telescope and look up.

And speaking of looking up, the reason people think wolves howl at the moon is that, whether they’re sitting, standing or lying down, they always lift their snouts to howl. But that’s more for the vocal affect than anything in the sky.

Try it yourself by looking down and howling and then tilting your head back and howling again. Not only does the head-back howl sound better, the angle of the throat and mouth also projects the sound over a longer distance.

 

 

When wolves lose their fear of humans

It was 11:00 p.m. and Stanley Russ was only a few steps from Grant and Miranda Moore’s house when a wolf bolted out of the bushes and attacked him. Hearing his screams, the Moores raced outside. The ruckous also alerted the couple next door, Russ’ son Frank and his wife, Sylvia, to the emergency.

Frank got between the wolf and his dad, while the others provided first aid. Despite Frank yelling and throwing whatever he could find, the wolf repeatedly attempted to get to Russ. A neighbour set off her car alarm and the wolf disappeared only to reappear an hour later.

The seventy-two year old Port Edward, BC resident suffered severe bites to one arm and both legs. He received emergency surgery at the Prince Rupert Hospital and was later flown to Vancouver General Hospital for further treatment.

Russ survived the attack, the wolf was killed and, after an intensive investigation, Conservation Officer Service (COS) deemed the May 29, 2020 attack predatory.

Attacks by healthy wolves are extremely rare and usually occur when wolves become habituated to humans and are food conditioned. the Port Edward incident was a classic case.

A large population of feral cats in Port Edward and Prince Rupert resulted in wolves frequenting both communities. The investigation into the attack also revealed a network of trails between Port Edward and a nearby landfill where wolves ate garbage on a regular basis.

As well as sources of food, wolves are also attracted to human belongings and have been known to keep and play with items for up to a year. COS observed a well chewed shoe at the dump that was regularly moved from one spot to another.

Most people do not realize how easy it is for wolves to become comfortable around people. If wolves receive rewards such as garbage, food or human belongings, they will begin to seek out places where people are rather than avoid them.

In many areas, wolf populations are increasing and some wolves are moving through or even occupying space close to humans. It’s up to communities and individuals to make sure there are no attractants to arouse their interest.

Photo courtesy Avishag Ayalon

 

 

How many grasshoppers will a wolf eat?

According to a scat analysis, one wolf ate at least 181 grasshoppers and probably at one go.

That sounds like a lot of hoppers but, given that each one weighs approximately half a gram, that means the wolf ingested less than a cup of insects. Definitely a lightweight snack for a large carnivore.

It all started a couple of years ago when Brandon Barton and some buddies were hiking through Hells Canyon Wilderness, which spans the Idaho/Oregon border. They were studying elk ecology but then Barton spotted something odd – wolf scat that appeared to be filled with grasshoppers.

The trail was covered with live hoppers and the group knew wolves ate a variety of prey. But poop plugged with insect body parts seemed beyond the norm.

Despite the putrid smell, Barton, a community ecologist at Mississipi State University, triple bagged the scat for further examination in a lab. In the meantime, the group set up a couple of motion-sensor cameras.

Sure enough, the black and white film caught a lone wolf visiting the trail every night to chow down on hoppers. Because the insects are sluggish when temperatures are cool, it was as easy as a human reaching into a bag of popcorn.

The big take away from the hopper-filled turd on the trail ? It’s another example of how all creatures, plants and waterways are not isolated elements in an ecosystem; at some level they all interact to create a whole.

Photo by Eileen Kumpf

 

Takaya: Lone Wolf

In 2012, an approximately two-year old wolf suddenly appeared on Discovery Island, not far from the densely populated municipality of Oak Bay on southern Vancouver Island, BC.

He’d probably dispersed from his birth pack on Vancouver Island and was looking for a mate and territory to call his own. But somewhere along the way, he made a wrong turn and found himself in an urban area. So, perhaps confused or spooked, he swam through challenging waters to a small cluster of islands.

Wolves are highly social animals, so no one thought he’d stay. But, despite all odds, he has. For seven years he’s survived – and thrived – in a location that has no other wolves, no year-round source of water and no deer or other ungulates to hunt.

Cheryl Alexander has followed the journey of the wolf she calls Takaya with her camera and heart for nearly seven years. The renowned wildlife photographer has watched him swim from island to island, seen him feeding on seals and listened to him howl towards the lights of Oak Bay.

On Friday, October 4, the story of this remarkable wolf and woman will air on CBC TV’s The Nature of Things. Takaya: Lone Wolf is an international co-production, which will run on BBC, CBC and ARTE.

Cheryl was a wonderful resource while I was researching Return of the Wolf and I can’t wait to see the documentary featuring her photographs and in-depth knowledge about this unusual wolf.

Click here to view a trailer of the documentary.

Photo by Cheryl Alexander